İngilizcede nobody, nothing, nowhere, never, no, hardly gibi kelimeleri kullanarak olumsuz cümle oluşturabiliriz. Bu kelimeleri kullandığımız cümlelerde not kullanmayız.
Aşağıdaki örnek cümleleri inceleyelim:
- Nobody loves me.
- He said nothing.
- She never writes to me.
- I have got no money.
- I can hardly understand him.
Beni hiçkimse sevmez. Bu cümlenin anlamı olumsuzdur.
Aşağıdaki cümlelerin nasıl değiştirildiğini inceleyelim:
- She didn’t say anything. She said nothing.
- I didn’t see anybody. I saw nobody.
- We didn’t have any trouble. We have no trouble.
- My parents don’t go out. My parents never go out.
- I didn’t eat anything yesterday. I ate nothing yesterday.
- It didn’t rain for three months. It rained hardly for three months.
Aşağıdaki cümlelerin nasıl olumsuz cümle yapıldıklarına bakalım:
- I drink coffee. I don’t drink coffee.
- I drink coffee. I never drink coffee.
- Somebody telephoned. Nobody telephoned.
- My grandmother drives fast. My grandmother never drives fast.
- Andrew plays the guitar. Andrew doesn’t play guitar.
- I like Ann’s new shoes. I don’t like Ann’s new shoes.
- I watch TV. I hardly watch TV.
- Something happened this morning. Nothing happened this morning.
- Somebody wants to play tennis. Nobody wants to play tennis.